The world of web technology changes at a rapid pace. New projects appear daily, and old tools retire to make room for new arrivals. During 2016, the web technology landscape has changed dramatically, with the arrival of AngularJS 2.0, the proliferation of React.js and maturation of several open-source CMS projects.
Below is a list of 2016's most popular web technologies based on statistics provided by W3Techs.
These are the projects that gained the largest number of users in the past year. W3Techs has compiled the list by taking the total numbers at the end of 2016 and subtracting the numbers from the start of 2016, resulting in the number of total new users gained by that technology.
No surprise here. In 2016, WordPress continued its rise to dominance after a groundbreaking 2015, when W3Techs announced that one in four websites on the Internet was running WordPress, and the CMS achieved a market share of over 50% among all other CMSs.
Even if the PYPL and Tiobe indexes have other server-side programming languages ranked above PHP, those rankings take into account other factors, such as search engine queries, social media hype, and StackOverflow questions. In reality, most new servers deployed in 2016 ran ol' faithfull PHP.
In 2016, Nginx remained the most popular web server technology, as it did in the past seven years. Overall, Nginx is now installed on 32.1% of all Internet servers, dominating the Top 10K website list, with a 57% market share.
Bootstrap, a UI framework for quickly putting together and deploying user interfaces, has gained the most new users in 2016, now being used in one in seven websites on the Internet. W3Techs noted that jQuery ranked second in terms of new users, despite nearing "a saturation point at 71.9%."
This statistic took into account the operating system running on a web server and not desktops, where Windows is clearly the top dog. For web servers, Ubuntu continued its dominance.
Amazon's AWS package won the crown in 2016, the first time W3Techs ranked services in this category. Amazon edged out Google's cloud services and French ISP OVH.
Another new category in the W3Techs ranking in 2016. If you're not familiar with the term of "reverse proxy provider," these are companies that allow a website owner to hide their website IP behind a network of dynamic proxies. This type of service is used to protect against DDoS attacks by preventing the attacker from pinpointing the target's IP and taking down its website/service.