Android P

This article contains a summary of all the new features Google announced last night for Android P (Android 9.x) —the next major version of the Android operating system that is expected to be released in August-September this year.

For a complete review, you can check out Google's official announcement, or the YouTube video embedded at the bottom of this article. But if you don't have the time to go through a 2,000 article, here's a summarized version of what's coming this fall.

New features

  Support for notched (cutout) displays, similar to the one premiered by iPhone X. A new API will allow developers to adapt apps based on the notch position.
  Improved notifications so users can interact with the app right from inside the notification, without having to open the app.
  A new API that allows apps to access data streams from both the front and back cameras.
  Improvements to camera stabilization APIs
  New OS functions to support better image scaling.
  Support for the HDR VP9 video codec.
  Support for the HEIF image compression format.
  New GlobalPlatform Open Mobile API to support smart-card payments and other secure services.
  New Neural Networks API to support on-device machine learning operations.
  Improvements to the Android job scheduler that allow app developers finer control over network data transfers.
  Support for the IEEE 802.11mc WiFi protocol —also known as WiFi Round-Trip-Time (RTT). Used primarily by advertisers to detect your position inside buildings based oon WiFi SSID and signal strength.
  ART runtime performance improvements
  Better support for the Kotlint programming language.
  Android P will warn users when they try to install apps that were primarily designed for Android versions prior to v4.2.

Security features

  Android P will block cleartext (HTTP) traffic from apps. HTTPS is the new norm.
  Android P will use the same UI when requesting fingerprint authentification across apps and devices.
  Android P will block background apps from accessing the phone's camera and microphone.
  Android P will encrypt backups on the device with a local secret key before sending the backup for storage on Google's servers.
  Experimental support for MAC address randomization.

Users who want to test out the new Android OS version can download and install the Android P Developer Preview on their phones from this page.

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