Today, Microsoft unveiled Windows 10 Pro for Workstations, which contains high end features geared towards servers that are running mission critical applications or utilizing high end hardware. These features include ReFS (Resilient file system), persistent memory, faster file sharing, and expanded hardware support.
ReFS (Resilient file system) was first introduced in Windows Server 2012 and is meant to be a high availability replacement for NTFS. ReFS allows for better disk integrity, automatic corruption repair in RAID or mirrored environments, and better performance. For applications that do not require the full Windows Server edition, this is a welcome feature.
Persistent memory allows data to be stored on NVDIMM-N chips that retain data even when a system is powered off. This allows a computer to almost instantly retrieve stored data without having to read it from a disk.
Last, but not least, Windows 10 for Workstations introduces faster file sharing and expanded hardware support. The faster file sharing is through SMB Direct, which allows network cards that contain RDMA chips to perform at full throughput while having low latency. The expanded hardware support allows Windows 10 Pro for Workstations to use up to 4 CPUs and up to 6TB of memory. This is up from the current limitations of 2 CPUs and 2TB of memory.
Windows 10 for Workstations will be released as part of the Fall Creators Update.