The Windows 10 Timeline feature allows a user to see a historical view of sites that were visited and files that have been opened. Unfortunately, this feature currently only supports sites that you visited using Microsoft Edge.
When UWP app developer Dominic Maas switched from Edge to Chrome because of a lack of support for an application he used, he decided to create a Chrome extension that would provide activity synchronization between Chrome and the Windows 10 Timeline. His Chrome extension is called "Windows Timeline for Chrome" nd will send sites that are visited in Chrome as activities to the user's Microsoft Graph.
This allows these visited sites to appear in the Windows 10 timeline for the user as can be seen below.
To use the extension a user will login with their Microsoft account and allow the application to access certain data on the user's Microsoft Graph. This allows the extension to send updates to the Timeline when a user visits web sites using Chrome.
As the extension is currently in development and not intended for public use, it uses a redirect URL for the authorization sequence that only connects back to his local machine. Due to this, the extension will not work for anyone else at this time. For those who want to take a look at the extension, Maas has made his "Windows Timeline for Chrome" project available on Github.
If you do not want to play with the code, the good news is that Maas has told BleepingComputer he hopes to release a beta of the extension to the Chrome Web Store soon. He also told us that he plans on adding a filter to the extension so that you can specify sites that will not be sent to the Microsoft Graph and potentially the ability to customize how long you need to view a page before it is sent to the Timeline.