Did you wipe the drive before the clone? Also because both drives are the same have you attempted to do a sector by sector clone although this will take a long time. Did you do the clone inside of Windows? I would do the clone outside of Windows using the Macrium Boot disk or USB. After the clone remove the drive from the USB adapter before attempting to boot. After booting attach the cloned drive back to the adapter and see if the clone was successful.
Other cloning software that may work is
Aomei Backupper Standard
Easeus Todo Standard.
Where a clone has failed people have reported success using Partition Wizard. If another clone fails with a wiped drive or sector by sector clone these are the steps for Partition Wizard. All steps are virtual until Apply is clicked.
First Wipe the drive using Partition Wizard.
Copy each partition to the drive to be cloned. Start with the System Reserved Partition and work to the right. You may get an error. If that happens it could be due to bad sectors on the drive.
Old Rocker, Gparted works well to but I believe Partition Wizard is a little easier to use for Windows users. It also allows partition copying but I believe there is more missing in the cloned drive than just the boot flag. Being marked active the System Reserve Partition of both disks already has the boot flag enabled.
FYI. I to use disk images backed up to an external drive vs doing a cloned drive unless the clone is a one and done used for moving from a smaller drive to a larger drive for HDD to SSD. You can have multiple disk images on the external. Each created after a few program changes/installs or major updates to the OS. For instance, creating an image after the monthly security updates or the Windows 10 major upgrades that happen twice a year. Using the booting media I can restore any image and an additional benefit is images can be both incremental or differential, decreasing the size of the backed up image. If the drive fails, I would install the new one, boot the Macrium restore disk/USB and restore the image. I guess it's just a personal preference.
Edited by JohnC_21, 09 March 2018 - 08:43 AM.