In conjunction to what others have posted, you have already established using the bullet list or multilevel list will continue to produce a bullet before text. What is still missing (as britechguy had requested in his post #2) is an example of what your resume format looks like. Yes, you did your best using your words to describe what you’re after, however the formatting is still not clear.
In my experience with MS Word, a single bullet symbol will need to be inserted manually as you have already discovered, regardless if the effort is after text, in between text or anywhere in a table,
paragraph etc. I tend to remember from years past, there might be a way to format a document (a travel form for example) using the ribbon design tab and content control functions, which is way out there for what you need to accomplish with your resume.
Another manual approach, "IF" you have a keyboard with a numeric keypad, you can use the shortcut key command of Alt+0149 to gain a single bullet (•) You would place your cursor in your document where you want the single bullet, press the shortcut key command, lift up on the keys and your bullet will appear.
The best potential format I can establish by reading your written description is shown below (If this example is not what you're after, please do your best to type out what you want.)
If you find your bullet placement or text ends up not exactly aligned to your preference, you can always change your tab margin settings using the ruler/tabs. Here’s a YouTube video showing how that would be done: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4wGhDeoNak8 (Note: you will see that in this video, the instructions to find the ruler is in Word Office for Mac no worried, the view tab is the same in Word for PC)
Question, are you boxed in to only one format for your resume? It might serve you better to find in Word a simple resume template ready to personalize. Keep us posted.