Will that not then make the update that caused the issue to run again?
Not if the update installed successfully. This can be determined by opening the Control Panel, select Programs and Features, click/tap on View installed updates found in the upper left portion of the page to see what updates were successfully installed. If it was successful the update will not repeat. If the update failed it needs to be downloaded and installed.
If this was the authors fall update 1709 I would wait a few days for the update to work through the repair. If there are still problems after that amount of time it will be worth taking a further look.