If after installing the chipset driver you have the same problem I would reinstall Windows 10 using the Media Creation Tool. You can download the iso and use Rufus to create the bootable USB flash drive. In the dropdown box select GPT partition scheme. Leave all boxes as checked. In the dropdown box select iso image if not already listed, click the icon, and browse to the iso you downloaded.
Make sure UEFI is enabled. From the MB support site the MB is UEFI. Looking at your Disk Management image the disk is MBR, not GPT. A MBR disk cannot boot on a UEFI computer. Perhaps this MB can autodetect. For your MB you should be using a GPT disk, especially when using Windows 10.
Boot the USB flash drive and at the Window asking for language press Shift + F10. This will open a Shift + F10. This will open a command prompt. Type
select disk X Where X is the disk you will be installing Windows to. This is 0 on a one disk system
clean This will wipe all partitions. Be sure you selected the correct disk in the previous command
convert GPT Sets the disk for UEFI.
exit exits diskpart prompt
exit exits command prompt
continue with the install. See the following guide. Its for Windows 8 but the steps are the same for 10. When you get to the below Window click next as the disk will be unallocated. Windows 10 will automatically partition and format the disk.
If you want to verify if the USB ports are good on the MB before installing Windows 10 you can download a live linux distro. I would suggest Mint Cinnamon. You can also use Rufus to create the bootable USB or burn the iso to a DVD. Right click on any Windows 7 computer and select Burn Disk Image. Boot Mint and it will run in RAM and off the USB or DVD. The hard drive will not be touched. When Mint boots do not input anything. Wait until you get to the desktop. Click Computer on the desktop. Your devices are in the left pane. Attach your USB external. You should see a USB icon appear. Click on it and see if the USB external mounts.
Does this USB external open on another computer?