I'm not quite sure exactly what you're asking, as Windows 10 must be updated from version to version as the versions roll out (though not at the moment they roll out). Versions do drop out of support and Version 1511 was the latest to do this and 1607 will only be a few months behind that.
There does exist an update catalog for the patches applied within a version, but you should be getting those anyway as part of the normal Windows Update process.
Your best bet would be following the instructions for Updating Windows 10 using the Windows 10 ISO file, but where you actually download the ISO and create bootable media on another computer when you're somewhere that has at least DSL or better as the internet connection.
Right now the ISO for Version 1709 just went live on Tuesday, 10/17, so there are very few additional updates on top of the ISO, although there are a couple. If you are installing on a machine that is connected by dial-up then I would choose the "Not right now" option on the Get important updates step and allow any updates to download as part of normal Windows Update after you have Version 1709 installed.
Brian AKA Bri the Tech Guy (website in my user profile) - Windows 10 Home, 64-Bit, Version 1809, Build 17763
Presenting the willfully ignorant with facts is the very definition of casting pearls before swine.
~ Brian Vogel