Updates not coming through doesn't have anything to do with installing IE11 manually.
No need to run Powershell to find out if a WIndows Update was installed.
Simply go to Control Panel > Programs and Features and click on the View installed updates link on the upper left side of the screen.
If this is true then why did running more Updates fix it? You can't just Install IE-11 without it's dependencies?
"View installed updates" This will not always show all updates that I wanted to look at, and it is easier to post the Text Doc in some cases, and easier to use those docs to research, rather than a Screenshot. This would have told me right away if IE-11 could be installed or not?
It is true...
Here's an example.
Today, I clean installed OEM Windows 7 on a machine using recovery disks...with no Internet connection.
After the install, I ran the pre-downloaded IE 11 installer...with no Windows Updates having been run, and no Internet connection.
After IE was successfully installed, I connected to the Internet, and ran Windows Update for the first time (with the Check for updates but let me choose... option selected) -
I guess the only pre-req was Windows 7 with SP1...note that SP3 was not installed either.
You can also use the Search box in the upper right hand corner of the View Installed Updates screen to look for a specific update.
But that wouldn't be necessary, because it doesn't need any updates installed to manually install IE 11.