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ANZAC Day 2017


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#1 NickAu

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Posted 24 April 2017 - 05:16 PM

When is Anzac Day?
Anzac Day falls on the 25th of April each year. The 25th of April was officially named Anzac Day in 1916.

What does 'ANZAC' stand for?
'ANZAC' stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.

On the 25th of April 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula. These became known as Anzacs and the pride they took in that name continues to this day.

Why is this day special to Australians?
On the morning of 25 April 1915, the Anzacs set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula in order to open the Dardanelles to the allied navies. The objective was to capture Constantinople (now Istanbul in Turkey), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, and an ally of Germany.

The Anzacs landed on Gallipoli and met fierce resistance from the Ottoman Turkish defenders. Their plan to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months.

At the end of 1915, the allied forces were evacuated. Both sides suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian soldiers were killed. News of the landing on Gallipoli and the events that followed had a profound impact on Australians at home. The 25th of April soon became the day on which Australians remember the sacrifice of those who had died in the war.

The Anzacs were courageous and although the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives, the Australian and New Zealand actions during the campaign left us all a powerful legacy.

What does Anzac Day mean today?
With the coming of the Second World War, Anzac Day also served to commemorate the lives of Australians who died in that war. The meaning of Anzac Day today includes the remembrance of all Australians killed in military operations.
 
What happens on ANZAC Day?
Anzac Day remembrance takes two forms. Commemorative services are held at dawn – the time of the original landing in Gallipoli – across the nation. Later in the day, ex-servicemen and women meet to take part in marches through the major cities and in many smaller centres. Commemorative ceremonies are more formal and are held at war memorials around the country.

A typical Anzac Day ceremony may include the following features: an introduction, hymn, prayer, an address, laying of wreaths, a recitation, the Last Post, a period of silence, either the Rouse or the Reveille, and the national anthem. After the Memorial’s ceremony, families often place red poppies beside the names of relatives on the Memorial’s Roll of Honour, as they also do after Remembrance Day services.

Rosemary is also traditionally worn on Anzac Day, and sometimes on Remembrance Day. Rosemary has particular significance for Australians as it is found growing wild on the Gallipoli peninsula. Since ancient times, this aromatic herb has been believed to have properties to improve the memory.

The Anzac Biscuit
During World War One, the friends and families of soldiers and community groups sent food to the fighting men. Due to the time delays in getting food items to the front lines, they had to send food that would remain edible, without refrigeration, for long periods of time that retained high nutritional value; the Anzac biscuit met this need.

Although there are variations, the basic ingredients are: rolled oats, sugar, plain flour, coconut, butter, golden syrup or treacle, bi-carbonate of soda, and boiling water.

The biscuit was first known as the Soldiers’ Biscuit. The current name, Anzac Biscuit, has as much to do with Australia’s desire to recognise the Anzac tradition and the Anzac biscuit as part of the staple diet at Gallipoli.

The Anzac biscuit is one of the few commodities that are able to be legally marketed in Australia using the word ‘Anzac’, which is protected by Federal Legislation.

For useful links surrounding Anzac day, please click on the below:

Dawn Service  
The Last Post  
The significance of Silence  
The Rouse and the Reveille  
The Ode
For the fallen  
In Flanders Fields  
Catafalque Party  
Our History
 
To all our servicemen and women past and present I say Thank you.
 
anzacfd.jpg
 
 
To all our troops everywhere, Thank you



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#2 Crazy Cat

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Posted 24 April 2017 - 07:54 PM

Gallipoli, THE TRUTH.

Many still believe the Gallipoli campaign was a brilliant concept – no, it wasn’t. It was a lunacy that never had a chance of succeeding; an idiocy generated by the muddled thinking of “Easterners” who thought they could end the war by knocking out Germany’s allies, or by attacking her non-existent soft underbelly. It was never sensible, not while the mighty German army was lurking just a few kilometres from the vital Channel ports that underpinned the whole British involvement on the Western Front. This was the real enemy. By attacking the Turks, the British merely allowed them the opportunity to kill and maim British soldiers. Left to themselves, in the face of simple defensive measures to secure British interest in the Suez Canal and Mesopotamian oil supplies, there was nothing the Turks could have done. By diverting resources to Gallipoli, and thereby weakening the concentration on the Western Front, the allies exposed themselves to a greater possibility of defeat.

https://www.awm.gov.au/wartime/38/article/


AND THE BRITISH BLAME THE AUSTRALIANS.

Time to put the record straight on Gallipoli. The Anzacs did indeed fight magnificently in a doomed cause, but so did their British allies.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-one/11561878/Time-to-put-the-record-straight-on-Gallipoli.html

In truth it is inaccurate and unfair to blame the British for the slaughter at the Nek. Instead, as Australian author L A Carlyon makes clear in his excellent account of the campaign, it was “mostly the work of two Australian incompetents” – Brigadier-General Hughes and Colonel Antill. “Hughes was the brigade commander and didn’t command; Antill wasn’t the brigade commander and he did. Responsibility rattled Hughes and, either consciously or unconsciously, he walked away from it. Antill behaved as he always did, like a bull strung up in barbed wire.”
 

Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe. ― Albert Einstein ― Insanity is doing the same thing, over and over again, but expecting different results.

 

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#3 softeyes

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Posted 24 April 2017 - 08:23 PM

Nick, thank you for sharing about this memorable day. May the day of remembrance provide a moment to set aside the troubles from the floods.

 

anzacday.png

 

The biscuits caught my hungry eye...for others that might be interested in them, I found a recipe:

http://allrecipes.com/recipe/9816/anzac-biscuits-i/#

 

softeyes

 



#4 Condobloke

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Posted 24 April 2017 - 08:40 PM


Condobloke ...Outback Australian  fed up with Windows antics...??....LINUX IS THE ANSWER....I USE LINUX MINT 18.3  EXCLUSIVELY.

“A man travels the world in search of what he needs and returns home to find it."

It has been said that time heals all wounds. I don't agree. The wounds remain. Time - the mind, protecting its sanity - covers them with some scar tissue and the pain lessens, but it is never gone. Rose Kennedy

 GcnI1aH.jpg

 

 


#5 Condobloke

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Posted 24 April 2017 - 08:44 PM

It is a legend not of sweeping military victories so much as triumphs against the odds, of courage and ingenuity in adversity.

 

It is a legend of free and independent spirits whose discipline derived less from military formalities and customs than from the bonds of mateship and the demands of necessity.

Former Prime Minister of Australia, the Hon Mr Paul Keating, at the Entombment of the Unknown Soldier at the Australian War Memorial, 1993


Edited by Condobloke, 24 April 2017 - 08:47 PM.

Condobloke ...Outback Australian  fed up with Windows antics...??....LINUX IS THE ANSWER....I USE LINUX MINT 18.3  EXCLUSIVELY.

“A man travels the world in search of what he needs and returns home to find it."

It has been said that time heals all wounds. I don't agree. The wounds remain. Time - the mind, protecting its sanity - covers them with some scar tissue and the pain lessens, but it is never gone. Rose Kennedy

 GcnI1aH.jpg

 

 


#6 Condobloke

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Posted 24 April 2017 - 08:58 PM

Gallipoli and the Australian Identity.

 

1915 - 2000

 

http://www.gallipoli.gov.au/teaching-about-gallipoli/pdf-resources/ryebuck_gallipoli_aust_identity.pdf

 

 

Australians make heroes of noble failures

 

Australians are particularly inclined to make heroes of noble failures, such as the defeated Eureka rebels, the suicidal 'jolly swagman' in Waltzing Matilda, and Ned Kelly. Gallipoli seems to fit this pattern.

 


The Gallipoli campaign was the beginning of true Australian nationhood.

 

When Australia went to war in 1914, many white Australians believed that their Commonwealth had no history, that it was not yet a true nation, that its most glorious days still lay ahead of it. In this sense the Gallipoli campaign was a defining moment for Australia as a new nation, but also a key moment in the evolution of a particular image of Australian masculinity.

 

The major features of an Anzac legend were discernible very early in the campaign: Australians were bold and ferocious in battle but were unwilling to bow to military discipline.(might explain some of the wayward characters here on BC).... An ANZAC never flinched - if he died it was with a joke, or a wry smile on his face - yet nor would he salute a superior officer....In the ANZAC legend, the Australian Imperial Force was a democratic organisation, in which there were friendly relations between officers and men, and anyone could rise from the ranks to a commission.

 

(Dr Frank Bongiorno, Senior Lecturer in History at the University of New England)

 

The larrikin

 

Professor Manning Clark in his opus A History of Australia, suggests a contrasting image to that of the bronzed and noble Anzac.

 

From a range of sources he provides evidence of the Anzac's bad behaviour. As recruits, before being shipped to war, some indulged in sex orgies with an 18-year-old girl at the Broadmeadows camp, others confronted police in violent scuffles on the streets of Melbourne. Their behaviour in Egypt was no better —they burned the belongings of local people, brawled, got drunk and rioted, and spent sufficient time in the local brothels for many of them to suffer from venereal disease.

 

Although perhaps less than heroic, this behaviour too—brawling, drinking, fighting—is part of the Australian construction of masculinity, part of the larrikin element exemplified in the characters C. J. Dennis created during the war years – characters like Ginger Mick and Digger Smith. Dennis's The Sentimental Bloke was published in 1915 and Digger Smith in 1918. The Sentimental Bloke sold more than 60,000 copies in less than 2 years.

 

Like it or not, hero and larrikin, ratbag and rebel, the Anzacs, in all their complex iconography, are an inextricable part of the Australian tradition of masculinity.

 

At Gallipoli, men from all backgrounds and classes from the newly federated Australia created the essence of what it means to be Australian – courage under fire, grace under pressure, giving a hand to a mate.

 

 

 

Regardless, We WILL Remember Them.


Edited by Condobloke, 24 April 2017 - 09:40 PM.

Condobloke ...Outback Australian  fed up with Windows antics...??....LINUX IS THE ANSWER....I USE LINUX MINT 18.3  EXCLUSIVELY.

“A man travels the world in search of what he needs and returns home to find it."

It has been said that time heals all wounds. I don't agree. The wounds remain. Time - the mind, protecting its sanity - covers them with some scar tissue and the pain lessens, but it is never gone. Rose Kennedy

 GcnI1aH.jpg

 

 





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