Sorry cat, but my computer isn't that strong yet. No SSD alongside the HDD.
Also, can you explain this to me? I don't really understand it.
Well, if you don't have a SSD yet, there's no need to be concerned. Yet if you do add one, then it does become of concern, you'd want your root partition on the SSD (32GiB is plenty of space for root), as well as a small Swap if running virtual machines, then /home on the HDD.
You'll only understand these things if you have these, so for now, use what you have & enjoy!
My reference in regards to UEFI & GPT are that both are advantages over the old BIOS/MBR setup, where one can only have 4 Primary partitions, then it's SOL when one needs another. There are also performance enhancements. Those with the BIOS/MBR systems can install Linux if necessary, using Logical partitions, as long as there's only three Primaries there (some OEM's includes 4 out of the box). One example which I recently worked on, a early Windows 7 notebook, he wanted to dual boot Linux Mint, though didn't want to mess with his partitions, the extra 'HP Tools' partition placed him at having 4.
So I setup Linux Mint on a small external drive for him, when it's plugged in, it'll boot first, and there's no overwriting his current bootloader. I told him to never install a new kernel during updating, as that may mess things up, to call me, and I'd remove his drive for protection, just as we did during install, and upgrade any new kernels, of which there was a recent upgrade.
Since you're new to Linux, I don't expect you to learn all of this in two days, two weeks or months. Learn at your pace & you'll be more comfortable & learn a lot more. There's a lot under the hood, and no one here knows it all, if so, that person would be so busy making cash that they'd have zero time for forums. I don't & never have claimed to know it all, rather enough to get by OK, and can figure out a lot by doing my own research. If I have a question, chances are, many others has had the same one, so I can find answers easily (here or on another forum). So generally, I'm a self reliant go-getter, though from time to time will have to create a Support Topic myself, and I've been running Linux Mint (MATE) for close to 8 years now, have been a Linux user for just over that long.
Still learning myself. nearly every day will discover something new, and so will you, as long as you stick with Linux.
You have landed on one of the best Linux Communities on the Internet, if we don't have the answer, over 99.5% of the time, we'll find it in house or somewhere on the Web.
IMO The two most popular are Ubuntu and Linux Mint, in Mint, it may be Cinnamon. Cinnamon is got nice graphics and a real modern look, good for newer computers.
True, and by now Cinnamon is Linux MInt's #1 desktop edition (DE) & is perfect for most any computer built inside of the last 6-7 years, a little longer if one can install the GPU of their choice (if a desktop PC).
Edited by cat1092, 05 February 2017 - 06:19 AM.