You already can do a lot of configuration regarding Windows Updates, but you cannot choose which to apply or not, at least not on Win 10 Home. Even on other versions it is expected that the organizations' IT departments will apply updates over time, but not necessarily when Microsoft releases them.
In Settings, Update & Security, you can use the "Change Active Hours" link to create a window during which Windows will not ever restart your computer without asking you first. You also have the option of setting a custom restart time for a one time application of a pending update using the "Restart options" link.
You generally only get updates applied on boot up if you consistently turn your machine off during the overnight hours (which is when most automatic restarts to apply updates will be performed unless you've set your active hours to cover that territory). If you had pending updates, shut down your machine, and restart it, it is going to apply those pending updates at the next restart.
Microsoft is also applying this update policy to Windows 8.1, 8, and even 7 (I think, I know for the other two). As a support technician, I've seen again and again the havoc that is wrought by a wide variety of end users believing that they know better than the operating system's maker what updates should and should not be applied. As a result, I see precisely why the "pick and choose" system is being replaced even on older versions of Windows. [And, before anyone says it, I have been and some of my clients have been hit by a "buggy" update. Those are rare, relatively speaking, and with system health telemetry are being identified much more rapidly than they once were. The Anniversary Update schedule has been greatly lengthened secondary to unexpected issues occurring for those of us who were "bleeding edge" update recipients.]
Edited by britechguy, 29 September 2016 - 11:04 PM.
Brian AKA Bri the Tech Guy (website in my user profile) - Windows 10 Home, 64-Bit, Version 1803, Build 17134
. . . the presumption of innocence, while essential in the legal realm, does not mean the elimination of common sense outside it. The willing suspension of disbelief has its limits, or should.
~ Ruth Marcus, November 10, 2017, in Washington Post article, Bannon is right: It’s no coincidence The Post broke the Moore story