Firstly, what functional difference is there between the Intel 1151 and Intel 1150 microprocessors?
The 1151 processors use a newer manufacturing tech that allows them to run cooler and more electrically efficient. It also makes them a little more powerful, but not by much. Only about 10 to 15 percent.
They have more powerful integrated graphics, but that doesn't really matter if you're getting a dedicated graphics card anyways.
Almost forgot, they use DDR4 RAM instead of DDR3 RAM. DDR4 is twice as fast and uses half the power of DDR3.
What capacity on the power supply should be sufficient for my needs/parts (without risking being insufficient as has happened to me in the past)? Does the manufacturer really matter that much?
Anything over 400 watts that's of quality.
A lot of people will tell you that you need 1000 watt power supply or something else ridiculous like that, but those people obviously haven't looked at the real power draw of parts before.
Manufacturer maters a lot when it comes to power supplies.
Cheap ones tend to-
- Not meet their quoted power output
- Have very low maximum safe temperature before part failure (they tend to catch fire a lot)
- Lack internal circuit breakers (if it fails, it's taking everything connected to it with it)
- No overload protection (same thing as that^)
- Have huge voltage ripple (the voltage it supplies can be over to 300mv off what it's suppose to. Shortening the life of all parts connected to it).
- Have insufficient cooling for all but the best case scenario conditions. (Again, fire)
- No warranty or customer support
- Low efficiency, and/or not meeting their quoted efficiency. (By just using it, your computer can draw over 10% more from the wall then it otherwise would be).
- Little to no power cleaning. (if the wall voltage isn't exactly perfect, that imperfection caries over to all internal components)
Basically, they're time bombs waiting to kill whatever computer they're put in.
On the flip side, a high quality power supply does the exact opposite of all of that, and will often outperform its rated specs. Helping otherwise low quality parts perform longer then they may have been rated to.
Also, which component directly affects the capability of a computer to load HQ images. I'm talking 15000 x 15000, 20mb images. Using my current computer, my memory usage clocks out at 4gb (my total RAM) whenever I open such an image and takes up to 3 minutes to load (using Windows Photo Viewer). I also get 'not responding' warnings on my browsers a lot of the time, as well as white screens, which takes ages to load (1-2 minutes sometimes, if not more).
For the pictures it's a combination of a lot of different things. The main two though being that Windows 10 has garbage media viewing software (well really windows 10 in general), and hard drive access time.
Using a SSD instead of a standard HardDiskDrive, and installing Windows 10 in UEFI mode, does a lot in speeding that up.
As for the browser. A combination of Windows 10 being terrible, and a slow internet connection. Would make sure the browser you are using is up to date. As page incompatibility can cause that to happen as well. Oh yeah and you should be using Chrome to avoid the incompatibility thing.
Is paying $20 more for Corsair as opposed to Kingston etc. really worth it?
RAM manufacturer doesn't really matter. RAM speed doesn't matter much either, outside of scenarios that need to constantly dump and fill it. RAM is just sorta RAM.
Most come with a lifetime warranty, because that's how trivial its stability is now.
Will the GTX950 be able to handle Skyrim using realENB mods? Or Fallout 4 and its mods?
Yeah that's fine. Should be able to grab one for pretty cheap since the newer stuff just came out.
MATLAB and other engineering-related simulation and calculation software
Some of the parts I'm thinking of getting is:
I'm not going to copy the whole list of parts. Will shorten the response as much as I can. None of the webpage links work properly. Might just be because I'm in the US.
CPU: You're running engineering simulations, and mass calculations. It'd do you a lot of good to up to a i7 (the i7-6700 for example, not the K variant), or one of the Xeon CPUs that are i7's with the integrated graphics removed (they can cost 100$ less then a i7) like the Intel Xeon E3-1230 v5. That Xeon would even be a better option then a i7 for stability reasons. As they're made for professional use.
Motherboard: Any cheap socket 1151 motherboard will do. Preferably from MSI, AsRock, or ASUS. Again the shop links you posted wont work, so I cant link you a related board from that site.
Memory: Only the first option is usable. The 1151 socket uses DDR4 RAM and the 2nd option you listed is DDR3. (there are rare 1151 boards that can use DDR3, but your use would benefit from the DDR4)
PSU: Like I said, any decent 400 watt or higher PSU will do. EVGA and Corsair are both good brands for that. The system should only draw around 350 watts at max load.
Video Card: The card you picked is a good choice for what you described. Your engineering software might even be able to leverage it for more compute power.
SSD/HDD: You listed the same one under HDD as SSD, was that a mistake? Would up to a 240GB Samsung drive.
Case: Antec still makes nice quality cases. Getting one of theirs again certainly wouldn't be a bad move.
Cooler: Like I said the new 1151 socket processors run cool. Unlike older models (that make people think this line is the same), the stock cooler that comes with them should be fine.
Network Adapter: TP-Link makes good networking cards. However I would opt for a internal PCIe wireless card from them instead. Better then having something hanging off and using one of your USB ports that you might bump into.
Keyboard: I know you may have a preference for ten-keyless keyboards, but a lot of professional software requires the use of a keypad for full functionality. Would check your software to see if it is or isn't a requirement.
That keyboard uses mechanical switches meant for playing games, and thus have very little tactile feedback. Programmers, writers, and people who professionally rely on their keyboard tend to use keyboards with CherryMX Brown switches or CherryMX Blue switches. As those two provide lots of feedback and reassurance that the key they pressed is actually pressed. whatever tech site you're using should have some way to filter for those two switch types.
That said, keyboards are entirely a personal preference. I'd recommend, if possible, finding a computer store that'd let you try out different types of keyboards in the store. As no amount of us describing them to you could compare to trying them for yourself to see what you like. You could buy the highest quality keyboard ever made, but if you don't like how it feels and it's a pain to use...then what good is it?
Mouse: That is a good high quality mouse. I 2nd the choice. Mouses (mice?) are also like keyboards in the way that they're very much a personal preference thing. Again, that's a very high quality mouse, but if you hate how it feels then how are you suppose to use it? Any good computer store should carry that mouse. If you can, go into one and ask to try it before deciding on purchasing it.
Monitor: That's a good option, and yes having two would be very beneficial. Once you have two you'll never want to go back to using one again. Considering what you're doing, even three might be a advantage (that's something you should personally decided later down the road after using two though).
Edited by SEANIA, 03 August 2016 - 05:03 AM.