I ponder how many people actually know how their Government is supposed to work?
I pride myself on being an informed voter, and believe that I have an above average knowledge of how my country's government is formed, and how it functions. Sad to say, I believe that most of my fellow citizens do not.
I would love to be proved wrong!
I invite others to jump in, and explain their how their government works. Lets discuss and compare. Who knows, maybe we might learn something about each other!
So, I will start the ball rolling, and describe the political system I live in.
I am Canadian. I live in a Constitutional Monarchy.
The Head of State is the reigning monarch, Elizabeth II. The Queen exercises executive power through her appointed representative, the Governor General of Canada.
The Governor General presides over the Canadian Senate. The Senate body is appointed by the Crown. The primary function of the Senate is to review legislation passed by the House of Commons, and to advise that house. Appointees (should) meet criteria as laid out in the constitution.
The Canadian House of Commons holds legislative authority, as outlined in our constitution. Members are elected by the people. The house is divided into two main groups, the Government and the Loyal Opposition.
The Government is composed of those members who hold a majority of seats in common with each other. Their leader becomes the Prime Minister. The second majority sits on the opposite (literally) side of the house and are known as the Loyal Opposition.
Other members, who are elected to the house, but not members of either the Government or the Loyal Opposition, sit as independents.
Any group of independent members that chose to join in common as 12 or more, are recognized as a party, and are granted privileges as such.
The job of the Government is to run the country. To do so, the Government introduces legislation in the house. The single most important bill being the Budget. Anything that costs money has to be voted on.
The job of the Loyal Opposition is to set the agenda of debate. They get to choose which bills get read first, and in what order.
Any individual sitting member, from either side of the house, can introduce a Private Members Bill.
The House of Commons has authority over the following:
National Defence, Foreign Affairs, Employment Insurance, Banking, Federal Taxes, The Post Office, Fisheries, Shipping, Railways, Telephones and Pipelines, Aboriginal lands and rights, and Criminal Law.
Agriculture and Immigration are shared jointly with the Provincial Governments.
I know that it is not perfect, but it does work.
How does your system work?
Edited by Chris Cosgrove, 10 November 2015 - 07:48 PM.
Moved to General Chat - non-contentious