Hello camplate & to the Linux section of BC Forums!
We're happy to have you here & willing to do what we can to assist in getting you going with Linux.
The good thing is that you purchased a notebook before the Windows 10 release, as word has it that some OEM's may not allow consumers to disable SecureBoot, period. The option may not be there & the consumer will be stuck with running Linux OS's in virtual machines.
Am very glad that you created a Recovery Media set, as the large majority doesn't do this before installing Linux.
The issue being, is that even if one successfully creates a dual boot Windows & Linux computer, the option for Recovery, including creating Recovery Media, is often damaged by the configuration change. The program expects all partitions to be the same way it shipped. Too, while these will recovery your OS, these often won't recover to a smaller SSD, which many installs after purchase. I used to recommend to those wanting a SSD to purchase one after the notebook, since more & more are shipping with 1TiB HDD's, these are still a bit expensive, and that's why I recommend at time of purchase, pre-installed. Unless it's 500GiB or less, these SSD's are now on promo for less than $200 now & I'm speaking of good brands, such as Samsung 850 EVO. The recovery media, if shipped with a 500GiB HDD, will recover to a 500GiB SSD.
Now, as to your computer's current status. What OS, if any, are you able to boot into, and have you tried installing Linux Mint again? You can always download the Cinnamon edition if that's what you want, just be sure it's the 64 bit version.
I recommend using a download manager for this, not only will it be much faster, if there's a break in the network, the download will resume. Since Firefox is the installed default browser, I highly recommend installing it on your Windows install, and once setup, go to the Add-ons tab & type 'Down Them All' in the search box, and when you see it, just click the tab to install it, in a few seconds a page with a tutorial will open. It's no cost & gets all of the speed it can while downloading your Linux ISO, normally I can have this inside of 10 minutes. Seeing you're in the same time zone as myself, I recommend choosing the James Madison University site for the download. Some of the others are very slow. The JMU hosting site is Fast.
There's also a place to copy/paste the MD5 in the Down Them All box, once installed, when you download anything, both regular download & Down Them All is an option. Normally, the downloaded ISO will go to your Downloads folder, unless you specify otherwise. Be sure after copy/pasting the MD5 hash, to select MD5 from the drop down list afterwards.
Being that I've never installed Linux on a computer with Secure Boot enabled, I don't know how it works, some distros has the signed keys for install, others doesn't. One of the first things that I do on a Secure Boot enabled computer is disable it anyway (I have two of these models), as I prefer Windows 7 over 8 & there's no keys for 7. Oddly, Microsoft will provide the keys for Linux users but not the most used OS on the planet. Though I know it's about sales & they want users off of Windows 7. However, Secure Boot does not make you safer in the least, rather it places a set of handcuffs on you, as to what you can & cannot do with your physical property. Windows 8 will normally boot fine by disabling Secure Boot, as long as no other changes are made.
So maybe that's where you need to start, by disabling Secure Boot & then try to install your Linux Mint OS. There's a chance that you may have to do this by DVD, or that's the way it is on my Samsung. And be sure, if you haven't already, to defrag your 'C' drive, the one containing Windows 7, and then you can shrink that partition in Disk Management. You get to this by typing 'Create and format disk partitions' in the Search box (w/out any quotes). Some suggests to shrink with GParted, I don't recommend this on a UEFI partition, or any Windows version that has the native ability to shrink the partition, I know that Windows 7 & above has this feature, am unsure about Vista.
How about trying that & see how the install goes. If all goes OK & you can boot to both OS's, I'll leave it up to you to re-enable Secure Boot, you're really better off w/out it. Your installed security on Windows is what protects you, not a setting in the BIOS that just ties your hands behind your back.
Good Luck with your Linux Mint install!