When I insert a USB Flash Drive I normally see the device name show up in my file explorer (I use xplorer², but it happens with Windows File Explorer equally).
In the past, and despite naming the device through its Property's sheet, I'd occasionally get a flash drive without its user name, but with its Hardware ID, i.e., "Removable Disk (drv letter)". All I'd have to do is execute a "rename" command or rename it in its Property's sheet, and the device would keep its name in the future.
Recently, this has gotten much worse:
1. The external USB enclosed hard drive is now referred to as "Local Disk (drv letter)".
2. Only the Boot Drive (C:\) has retained its user name, so far.
3. No amount of renaming the drives, whether the external or any of my flash drives, results in the drive changing its designation back to the user-given name.
4. I've run SFC and on my main desktop computer the results are: found some corrupted files system, repair successful, while on the x60 ultrabook the results are: found some corrupted file system, but unable to correct them.
5. Following the 'unable to correct' system message, I did a complete uninstall and then using a good Refurbished System DVD, reformatted the hard drive and reinstalled Windows 7.
Prior to loading any programs I attempted to plug-in and then rename my local disk and a removable drive, both operations failed. In fact the only drive I can rename is my C:\ (boot drive), though when I look for the other drives at a 'system-level' they do retain their user-assigned name. Put another way, looking at the drives in partitioning software, drives show their user-assigned names.
I've done multiple re-boots (hard and cold) without any results, and all 3 of my computers have this problem: a Lenovo X60 12" ultrabook, a Lenovo R61i 14" notebook, and a custom built high performance Quad Core desktop. I've also run scans using FRST, JRT, and Sophos virus removable - all report I'm clear of any virus, Trojan, PUP, etc. . My biggest concern at this point is that there is some sort of hidden partition that intercepts drive-level commands and either ignores them or 'interprets' commands and that might change a legitimate command into a command that wipes out the drive or disk.
Feel free to ask questions if you need information that isn't here. Grateful for any ideas or suggestions.