Assuming that the users have roaming profiles, There is a group policy setting that deletes the local copies of the roaming profiles when users log off - A very old MS knowledgeable article about this is https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/274152 it's for Windows 2000 but should apply to newer.
This method is susceptible to failure if files remain locked too long into the log-off process. It may be necessary to implement UPHClean to free the locked files. Also some AV clients may lock files open for too long.
Obviously network traffic would need to be considered as then all logons need a roaming profile download.
Another technique that you may want to consider is to mitigate the issue by reducing the size of roaming profiles (& therefore network traffic, time taken to load the profile etc,). You could to use profile folder redirection on folders such as my documents, favourites and even desktop to subfolders within the user's network home drive. Roaming profiles themselves then become much smaller and users access these files across the network as they are needed rather than at every logon.