It looks like you could do a factory reset after retrieving your data. You Windows partition is labled as D:
Where I showed C: in the above commands use D:
At the command prompt type:
CD D:\windows\system32\config\regback <enter>
What is the date listed for the Registry hives in regback?
We can create a bootable disk on your friends computer and use that to copy files to an external drive or USB flash drive. That would be the cheapest way of doing it and you could get your data today if your friend would let you create the bootable disk or flash drive on his computer? You can use Aoemi PE builder. This would work on your computer even though built on Windows 8. Your friend could even use it on his computer if his no longer booted so it could give him access to his files. You can use Explorer to browse your disk and retrieve your data. Once the data is retrieved you could do a factory reset to bring it back. We can also use this bootable disk or USB flash drive to copy the registry hives in regback to your config folder if the date you find using the above commands show a date before the problem which I believe it will.
You could also use the device you linked to or an adapter like this one. Below is an image of the Aoemi Desktop.
Edited by JohnC_21, 23 March 2015 - 07:32 PM.