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Can I Use CHKDSK on an External Drive?


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8 replies to this topic

#1 LittleGreenDots

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Posted 26 February 2015 - 10:27 AM

Windows 7

 

I have an external HD and while trying to create a new folder on it, I got an error msg.  See the error msg below.  Can I attach the HD to my computer and do a check disk on it to make sure it doesn't have issues?

 

Log Name:      System
Source:        Ntfs
Date:          2/26/2015 10:16:06 AM
Event ID:      57
Task Category: (2)
Level:         Warning
Keywords:      Classic
User:          N/A
Computer:      Blah-PC
Description:
The system failed to flush data to the transaction log. Corruption may occur.
Event Xml:
<Event xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events/event">
  <System>
    <Provider Name="Ntfs" />
    <EventID Qualifiers="32772">57</EventID>
    <Level>3</Level>
    <Task>2</Task>
    <Keywords>0x80000000000000</Keywords>
    <TimeCreated SystemTime="2015-02-26T15:16:06.559934900Z" />
    <EventRecordID>44707</EventRecordID>
    <Channel>System</Channel>
    <Computer>Blah-PC</Computer>
    <Security />
  </System>
  <EventData>
    <Data>
    </Data>
    <Binary>00000000010000000200000039000480000000000E0000C000000000000000000000000000000000</Binary>
  </EventData>
</Event>

 

 



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#2 Aura

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Posted 26 February 2015 - 10:32 AM

You can run a chkdsk on an external hard drive without any problem, yes. You don't need to insert it in your computer in order to do that. The command will be chkdsk /r X: (because you want to use /r and not /f, and /r implies /f) and X: is the drive letter of the external hard drive. Also see here:

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/support/ee/transform.aspx?ProdName=Windows+Operating+System&ProdVer=5.2&EvtID=57&EvtSrc=ftdisk&LCID=1033

Edited by Aura., 26 February 2015 - 10:33 AM.

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#3 dc3

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Posted 26 February 2015 - 12:52 PM

If you look in Disk Management you can find what drive letter is assigned to the external hard.  You will want to remove any other devices plugged into a USB port, except for the external hdd or a keyboard mouse.

 

Once you know what the drive letter is you can set the chkdsk up to scan that  drive specifically.

 

The C: drive usually is the location of the operating system.  If you wanted to scan that drive specifically you would use chkdsk C: /r

 

Chkdsk /r checks for bad sectors on the hdd and recovers any readable information.  Chkdsk /r also has the functionality of /f.
 
The /x switch forces the volume to dismount, you can do this, or you can use the instructions below to run it in the conventional way.
 

 
Click on the Start orb and type in cmd in the Search programs and files box.  When cmd is seen in Programs above the Search box right click on it, then click on Run as administrator.
 
You will see a screen similar to the one below.
 
Screenshot2.jpg
 
Type in chkdsk c:/r then press Enter.  Please notice the space between the chkdsk and the /r.
 
You will receieve the message "CHKDSK cannot be run because it is in use by another process.  Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts?  <Y/N>".
 
Type in Y and press Enter.
 
Restart your computer to start the scan.

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#4 LittleGreenDots

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Posted 03 March 2015 - 11:10 AM

This is an external HD on which I store important files.  It's not old and I only attach it occasionally to add more content.  If I received this error msg, is this indicating that the HD has issues that might pop up again, or are such error msgs not so uncommon?  I have never had this before.



#5 dc3

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Posted 03 March 2015 - 11:48 AM

If I received this error msg, is this indicating that the HD has issues.

 

This is what we are trying to determine.

 

Along with running the chkdsk /r, please do the following.

 

 Please download and install Speccy to provide us with information about your computer.  Clicking on this link will automatically initiate the download. 

 
When Speccy opens you will see a screen similar to the one below.
 
speccy9_zps2d9cdedc.png
 
Click on File which is outlined in red in the screen above, and then click on Publish Snapshot.
 
The following screen will appear, click on Yes.
 
speccy7_zpsfa02105f.png
 
The following screen will appear, click on Copy to Clipboard.
 
speccy3_zps1791b093.png
 
In your next post right click inside the Reply to Topic box, then click on Paste.  This will load a link to the Speccy log.

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#6 Aura

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Posted 03 March 2015 - 12:00 PM

LittleGreenDots, did you run a chkdsk /r yet on the drive like I instructed on post #2?

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#7 RolandJS

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Posted 03 March 2015 - 12:32 PM

Guys, could this be a HD write-ahead cache problem?  I'm remembering the earlier IDE HD & caching days.  Modern HDs have large write&read cache, correct?


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#8 LittleGreenDots

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Posted 03 March 2015 - 07:51 PM

I ran chkdsk and four hrs later got a msg screen that said no problems were found.  thanks



#9 Aura

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Posted 03 March 2015 - 08:24 PM

Alright, let's check that external HDD health. Follow HowToGeek's tutorial here, on checking your hard drive SMART status:

http://www.howtogeek.com/134735/how-to-see-if-your-hard-drive-is-dying/

Make sure to opt-out Snap.do during the CrystalDiskInfo installation. Once you downloaded the program and ran the test, screenshot the program window and post it here please.

How to take a screenshot using the Snipping Tool
Follow the instructions below to take a screenshot using Windows' Snipping Tool:
  • Press on the Win Key + R to open the Run box;
  • Enter SnippingTool and press on Enter;
  • The Snipping Tool will open, asking you to choose the area to take in the screenshot;
  • Left click on the area where you want to start the screenshot, keep it, and drag the cursor across the screen;
  • Once done, release the left button to take the screenshot;
  • In the editing window, click on the File menu then Save As;
  • Save the screenshot in a folder that you can access easily;
  • Once done, attach that screenshot to your next reply;

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