In your first post you stated "when I go to safe start". I'm guessing that you meant Safe Mode. If this is the case you need to be aware that with Windows 8 the F8 method of booting into Safe Mode is no longer available due to the fact that Windows 8 boot too fast to be able to access Safe Mode in that manner. You can set the computer so that it will boot into Safe Mode after it is restarted.
To recover your data from the hdd you can use an external hdd enclosure which attaches via a USB port. You can purchase one from Newegg for $9.99 plus tax, shipping is free. Once you have the hdd connected to another computer you can open the hdd in Computer. You can simply right click on the file you want to save, move the pointer down to Send to and send this data to a flash drive.
Do not format your hdd, you will lose all of the information on it.
If your TV is set to be used with your computer connect the two via the HDMI cable and do the following.
Start the notebook and leave it long enough to ensure Windows has fully loaded.
If your account is password protected, turn on the notebook, leave it for a few minutes, then type in your password and hit enter. Leave it for another 5 minutes, connect the VGA cable between your external monitor and your notebook.
Now hold down the fn button and press f4 once. Tap the right arrow three times and then hit enter to see if this will transfer the display.