I wish I had some advice for you. For whatever reason (possibly FCC rules) laptop OEMs can "whitelist" network cards. I bought 3 different NICs for an HP laptop in order to get one that would function with the motherboard. HP has a "whitelist" of allowed NICs that can be used in their systems, and it won't even boot if a non authorized card is used.
I do not know about your Toshiba. I cannot find any hard info about BIOS whitelists for your model. Some say it is present, some say it isn't. I have read about problems with using 5ghz cards in Toshiba lappys, but no hard facts as to why it wont work.
My advice at this point is to find a parts list for your Toshiba. It should have a list of cards that were installed, and work with your system. See if one of those cards meets your needs, and search it on Ebay.
I wish you luck with it. It seems if it was recognized, it should be able to turn on. That is one thing I miss on older models, an actual on/off NIC switch with a light confirming the card is on. If I think of anything useful, I will post back.
I am a retired Ford tech. Next to Fords, any computer is a piece of cake. (The cake, its not a lie)
3770K @4.5, Corsair H100, GTX780, 16gig Samsung, Obsidian 700 (yes there is a 700)