As a preliminary step we should try updating all you major drivers and uninstall some softwares. Please follow the below steps.
First we need to download all necessary drivers before uninstalling current version. The Speccy link you provided didn't mention the model name of your Laptop so i am unable to provide the exact download link. Please post the full model number in next reply. HP laptop drivers can be downloaded from this site - http://www8.hp.com/us/en/support-drivers.html
If you are unclear about the exact model number refer this guide : http://h10025.www1.hp.com/ewfrf/wc/document?cc=us&lc=en&dlc=en&docname=c00033108
After finding the download page of your model, download and save Graphics, Chipset and Audio drivers to a temporary folder.
Before uninstalling current drivers make a new restore point by following this directions. http://www.sevenforums.com/tutorials/697-system-restore-point-create.html
Open control panel-->Programs and features and uninstall the following items.
ATI Catalyst Install Manager
Catalyst Control Center - Branding
LightScribe System Software
Also uninstall any catalyst control center remnants and anything starts with 'CCC' and restart the system. Now you should have 'Standard VGA adapter' for display and 'High definition audio device' for HD audio in device manager.
Now install Chipset, Audio and Graphics drivers.