Please bear with me. I do not have Office 2007 installed on this machine, so I was unable to determine from the image that you had already tried the suggestion I posted.
Since those fonts are not appearing in the configuration area, my conclusion is that there were certain items not installed to begin with. My first hunch would be language packs, but that is a hunch.
You may need to uninstall the software and reinstall it to get the components you need.
There is an article here: http://helpdeskgeek.com/office-tips/office-2007-custom-install/
that discusses how to do a custom install for Office 2007, though it doesn't specifically identify the Student Teacher Edition and seems from the narrative to discuss the business edition. That said, looking through the topic, the two sections that may have the content presently missing from your install are: set the features and installation state
. and Additional Content
==> Add Files
. The pictures are too small for me to read, and when I enlarge, they are too blurry for me to read, but those two sections are the most logical locations for the missing fonts. Again, my first hunch is that those fonts are in various language packs.