The hard drive should only boot...and (thereby) programs run properly...if it is in the system it was originally installed in.
If you remove the drive and attach it to another system, you would be able to access all data files on it but programs will not run.
The one item that would enable such would be accessing the desktop via remote access program. There are multiple ways of doing that and that would give you access to everything on a system that is not within arm's reach.
Others here may know of a different solution.