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virus definition


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#1 Murrar

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Posted 28 April 2011 - 04:25 AM

I have Avast anti-virus software installed on my Windows 7 computer. Many times when I turn on my computer in the morning a screen comes up stating that my "virus definitions have been automatically updated". Can anyone tell me what a "virus defintion" is? Thank you. Murrar

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#2 Didier Stevens

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Posted 28 April 2011 - 05:34 AM

One of the major techniques used by AV programs to detect malware, is to search inside the files they are scanning for specific sequences of bytes.
Such a sequence is often called a "definition" in the AV industry. Another common name is "signature".

AV companies update their set of "definitions" on a daily basis.

Edited by Didier Stevens, 28 April 2011 - 05:43 AM.

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#3 cryptodan

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Posted 28 April 2011 - 05:47 AM

If you have ever been vaccinated for any diseases like Measels, Mumps, and what not then that installs in your immune system key genetic signatures that allow your body to fight off infection. A Virus Definition file is just that for computer. It contains signatures of known threats, so in the event a virus comes in your computer can fight it.

#4 quietman7

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Posted 28 April 2011 - 07:05 AM

Antivirus programs compare their database of virus signatures with the files on a computer's hard drive and removable media during a scan. Most allow options for Full, Quick or Custom scans. Anti-virus programs can use a scanning engine with Behavioral Analysis, Heuristic analysis or a combination of both. Heuristic scanning methods vary depending on the vendor. Some claim to allow emulation of the file's activities in a virtual sandbox. Others scan the file more intensively, searching line by line inspecting the code in a file to see if it contains virus-like characteristics. If the number of these characteristics/instructions exceeds a pre-defined threshold, the file is flagged as a possible virus.

Each security vendor uses their own naming conventions to identify various types of malware in their defintion databases. See Understanding virus names.
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