There is no simple fix
...in fact, there is no simple way to determine what the underlying problem might be.
STOP 24 BSODs/errors...can be caused by various things and can be attributed to various causes.
A problem occurred within NTFS.SYS, the driver file that allows the system to read and write to NTFS file system drives. There may be a physical problem with the disk
, or an Interrupt Request Packet (IRP) may be corrupted. Other common causes include heavy hard drive fragmentation, heavy file I/O, problems with some types of drive-mirroring software, or some antivirus software
Since you have already run the chkdsk /r command...it's safe to say that it's something more serious than a simple solution can handle.
IME, the file system (NTFS) could be corrupt or the hard drive itself may be damaged. Generally...running chkdsk /r will generate an error message if NTFS is the problem, while the best way to diagnose a hard drive problem is to run the approriate hard drive manufacturer's diagnostic.
As for recovery disks...the system manufacturer's website is the best place to get info on such.
I would suggest that any valued data files be moved from the hard drive (by connecting it to a different system)...before doing anything further.
System manufacturer and model?