If the NIC is not assigned an IP then it should default to a 169.xxx.xxx.xxx not a 255 sub-net.
Just downloaded your image and magnified it a bit. The NIC IP is at the default IP. Not sure where\why that 255 is coming up as the DHCP server. But is definitely part of the problem.
Have you tried doing an ipconfig /release
then ipconfig /renew
from a command line prompt? Note the space between ipconfig and /
If you have access to any of the other PCs connected to the router. You can get the NIC information from one of them. Then you could assign a static IP to the troubled PC. The sub-net, gateway and DNS IPs would be the same. The IP address would need the last number changed.
The last suggestion won`t solve why it is not being assigned an IP but may rule out some other problems.
Edited by ThunderZ, 30 December 2009 - 06:47 AM.