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Upgrade to XP

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#1 hays47


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Posted 25 July 2005 - 04:06 AM

What is the best procedure for upgrading to XP with an upgrade version ? I already know some of the drivers for the video card and sound card will not work under XP. Should I remove all drivers prior to upgrade then replace with XP drivers ?
I plan to live forever , so far , plan is working.

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Posted 25 July 2005 - 08:23 AM

Microsoft before you install SP2

Steps to take before installing Windows XP SP2
By Philipp Harper
One of the main reasons to use a PC today is to connect to the Internet. But that's also a key reason why PC users should install Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2), a free upgrade that can significantly boost your system's security.

Does your PC have the system requirements?
Steps to take before installing
Major hardware manufacturers supporting SP2
Spyware can derail the upgrade
How to get rid of spyware

"If you're on the Internet, this is absolutely vital," says Greg Boyd, a business-development manager at Microsoft who has considerable experience helping small-business users install the update.

The Internet, of course, has transformed the way we communicate, shop and do business. But it's also provided a way for crooks, thugs and others to thrive and to disrupt people's lives and businesses.

Windows XP SP2 seeks to curtail nefarious online behavior, by including a Windows firewall, antivirus protection, and a more convenient way of receiving and installing ongoing Windows updates.

Safer computing starts with Windows XP Service Pack 2, a free upgrade
Windows XP SP2 brings users the latest security updates and innovations from Microsoft. Here's how to get it.

Microsoft is going out of its way to make Windows XP SP2 readily available. The update, free to current Windows XP users, can be downloaded online or from a CD (see this page for details). If you have a dial-up connection, strongly consider the CD because the download is sizable.

Does your PC have the system requirements?
As convenient as SP2 is to install, some preparatory steps are required of the user to make the update fully effective.

The first question to be answered is whether your PC system is capable of accepting the download. Minimum system requirements include:

233 megahertz processor

64 megabytes of RAM

1.8 gigabytes of available hard disk space during installation

And, obviously, if you have neither an Internet connection nor a CD-ROM drive, you won't be able to accomplish the download.

Steps to take before installing
Once it has been determined the system passes muster, additional steps must be taken to make certain the SP2 installation goes as smoothly as possible. These chores are important to make sure you don't compromise the effectiveness of the update, or worse.

These are the steps you are advised to take:

1. Back up all your data.

2. Check out the Web site of your hardware manufacturer to see if SP2-related hardware updates are available for download.

3. Purge your system of all spyware and adware you may have accumulated.

Backing up your data is something you should do whenever you load a new piece of software, including Windows SP2. It's especially important that small-business operators take this precaution because a catastrophic loss of data could threaten the future of your business.

A business that boasts fully automated data-keeping has a better than 30% chance of going out of business within three months in the event of a catastrophic data loss, Microsoft's Boyd says. Entrepreneurs for whom backing up data isn't second nature are well advised to start developing the habit, he says. (For tips on backing up your data, see this article.)

Major hardware manufacturers supporting SP2
The other two key housekeeping items checking for updates by hardware manufacturers and ridding your system of spyware and adware won't prevent disasters so much as they'll allow you to get the most out of the SP2 update.

Major PC makers such as Hewlett-Packard, Dell and Gateway take pains to make certain their products are in sync with major operating system upgrades. They do this by updating their drivers to accommodate SP2 and other upgrades.

It behooves you, then, to visit your manufacturer's Web site and check for driver updates related to Windows XP SP2. If an update is available, download it, because it has been designed to make your system function more smoothly in concert with SP2.

Spyware can derail the upgrade
How well a system functions is also directly related to the presence of spyware and adware on a computer.

Boyd, who has helped dozens of small-business users download SP2, says most of the problems he's encountered to date have to do with users unknowingly collecting spyware or adware. Spyware/adware is software from companies (often triggering pop-up ads) that users inadvertently get stuck with based on Web sites visited and other factors. It can "dramatically degrade the performance of a machine," Boyd says, and can also dramatically degrade the effectiveness of SP2.

After spyware has gained access to your computer via the Internet, it typically writes code directly to your PC's registry, which is a kind of command central from which a machine's operations are directed. This isn't always as sinister as it seems. Often, the freeware knowingly downloaded by users includes a proviso in its licensing agreement claiming the right to write code to the downloading computer's registry. The more code that's dropped into the registry, the slower the computer functions.

"If you've got 4,000 to 5,000 corrupt registry hacks and they all start at once," Boyd says, "all of a sudden a really good computer gets bogged down and begins to act like hardware that's five to 10 years old."

How to get rid of spyware
It's easy to know if you've been infected. A reduction of your PC's operating speed, a profusion of pop-ups, and a home page that keeps getting hijacked are telltale signs of a spyware or adware infection. But there's an even simpler test. Says Boyd: "If you're using the computer on the Internet, you've got it." Period.

So, yes, you've probably got it. How do you get rid of it?

A number of solutions to locate and remove spyware are available today, many of them free. Check out Microsoft's Windows AntiSpyware. One reason the Microsoft offering is an intriguing option is the fact that it offers real-time protection. That is, it alerts users whenever unsolicited attempts are being made to write to the computer's registry. The user can then either accept or reject the offering.

After you've purged your system of spyware and adware and followed these other steps, you're ready to download the Windows XP SP2 update. If you encounter difficulties or have questions, call 888-SP2-HELP for assistance.
Philipp Harper
Philipp Harper is a veteran freelance writer who writes about small-business management and finance issues.

For customer support options, tailored business advice, and a single point of access for Microsoft's small-business solutions, see the Microsoft Small Business Center home page.
(Fair use doctrine: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is being posted without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.)

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