Each piece of hardware is assigned several "identifiers" by Windows - one of which is the SID (Security ID). When you change this, Windows gets upset.
Now, you're putting your old OS onto another hard drive which is a different speed, a different size, and uses a different method of hooking up to the motherboard. That alone is a problem - but there's a link to cover it here: http://www.michaelstevenstech.com/moving_xp.html
Now, since the new drive connects with slots rather than pins, this change has likely been made to the motherboard - along with the necessary changes to the controllers that run things like this on the motherboard..
I'm not telling you that you can't do this - what I'm saying is that it's going to be more expensive, more difficult, and it still may not even work. I have done this several times - and it only worked for me if I was using similar components - and I can't tell how similar the components are in your new motherboard (with the exception of the hard drive connectors).
If you wish to do it, you'll first have to invest in a drive caddy capable of handling both hard drives - this is because you'll have to do the cloning the drive on a working system. This is possible using you laptop, but only if you can boot from a cloning CD, that the cloning program will recognize your hard drive, and that you've hooked up both drives to the laptop at the same time.
If you've got access to another computer, you can clone the drive to a file on the other computer - then switch the drives and clone the file on the computer to the new hard drive.
I've had good luck with these adapters: http://cooldrives.stores.yahoo.net/usbadapters.html
You'll also need cloning software. I use a commercial program for this called Acronis True Image. It's about $50 US and is available here: http://www.acronis.com
FWIW - there are other programs available that others prefer - there are even some free one's out there. But, as I have no knowledge of their use/reliability, I can't comment on them.
My browser caused a flood of traffic, sio my IP address was banned. Hope to fix it soon. Will get back to posting as soon as Im able. - John
(my website: http://www.carrona.org/
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